Aikido is a non-violent, Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba formerly known as, 'O-Sensei' or 'Great Teacher.' Aikido is a relatively new martial art having been developed within the last century.
Aikido focuses not on punching or kicking an attacker, but rather on using their own energy to gain control of them or to throw them away from you. It is not a static art, but places great emphasis on motion and the dynamics of movement. Martial arts training begins with learning basic movements statically or step by step and incorporating motion as one learns fundamentals.
Aikido is not only an applicable self-defense, it also provides a path to spiritual enlightenment and peace of mind. O-Sensei emphasized the moral and spiritual aspects of Aikido, placing great weight on the development of harmony and peace.
Aikido can be translated into "The Way of Harmony." Although the idea of a martial discipline striving for peace and harmony may seem paradoxical, it is the most basic tenet of the art.